New Systemd improvements

Share this link

In a previous post, I presented the various mechanisms used for customizing Systemd unit files.
These mechanisms are so rich that it is not easy to get the real picture of the final unit file.
You have to search in different locations (/usr/lib/systemd/system, /etc/systemd/system, /etc/systemd/system/myservice.service.d/).

Coming with the RHEL 7.2 release, the new systemctl cat command serves two main purposes:

  • to allow an administrator to quickly display the content of a given unit file,
  • to take into account drop-in files when debugging unit files.

For example, let’s install the mariadb-server package:

# yum install -y mariadb-server

Now, let’s create the /etc/systemd/system/mariadb.service.d directory:

# mkdir /etc/systemd/system/mariadb.service.d
# cd /etc/systemd/system/mariadb.service.d

Then, let’s create the foo.conf file and paste the following lines into it:


Finally, let’s display the mariadb unit file:

# systemctl cat mariadb.service
# /usr/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service <== unit file location
Description=MariaDB database server


ExecStartPre=/usr/libexec/mariadb-prepare-db-dir %n
ExecStart=/usr/bin/mysqld_safe --basedir=/usr
ExecStartPost=/usr/libexec/mariadb-wait-ready $MAINPID

# Give a reasonable amount of time for the server to start up/shut down

# Place temp files in a secure directory, not /tmp


# /etc/systemd/system/mariadb.service.d/foo.conf <== drop-in file

Now, you can see the unit file location displayed at the top and the content of the drop-in file at the end.

The systemctl cat command should become a reflex for all the system administrators when they want to know the precise configuration of a given service.

Note: Most of the original comments have been removed from the mariadb.service file here for brevity’s sake. I invit you to look at it in details because it provides a lot of useful comments, reminding you of the available Systemd customization mechanisms.

Posted in RHEL7

RHCSA7: Task of the day

Allowed time: 10 minutes.
Create an EXT4 file system mounted under /vol based on a logical volume of 100MB.
Reduce the size to 60MB.

RHCE7: Task of the day

Allowed time: 10 minutes.
Configure a system to forward all email to a central mail server at (change the IP address accordingly).

Follow me on Twitter

Poll for favorite RHEL 7 book

What is your favorite RHEL 7 book to prepare RHCSA & RHCE exams?

View Results

Loading ... Loading ...

Poll for most difficult RHCSA 7 topic

What do you think is the most difficult RHCSA 7 topic?

View Results

Loading ... Loading ...

Poll for most difficult RHCE 7 topic

What do you think is the most difficult RHCE 7 topic?

View Results

Loading ... Loading ...