RHEL7: Securely transfer files between systems.

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Note: This is a RHCSA 7 exam objective.


There are many ways to transfer files from a system to another.
Here we will consider the scp command that relies on SSH that is normally installed on most hosts.

Transfer of a local file

First, we create a file called loc locally:

# cd; echo "This is a test." > loc

To transfer the local file to a remote host (here called centos) into the root‘s home directory, type:

# scp loc root@centos:loc
root@centos's password: your password
loc                                           100%   16     0.0KB/s   00:00    

Note: By default, the file is put into the user’s home directory but it is possible to give a complete path.

To copy all the files from a specified directory, type:

# scp /etc/ssh/* root@centos:/tmp
root@centos's password: your password
moduli                                        100%  236KB 236.5KB/s   00:00
ssh_config                                    100% 2123     2.1KB/s   00:00
sshd_config                                   100% 4442     4.3KB/s   00:00
ssh_host_ecdsa_key                            100%  227     0.2KB/s   00:00
ssh_host_ecdsa_key.pub                        100%  162     0.2KB/s   00:00
ssh_host_rsa_key                              100% 1679     1.6KB/s   00:00
ssh_host_rsa_key.pub                          100%  382     0.4KB/s   00:00

Note: If directories appear in the list created by the *, there are not transferred: you get a “not a regular file” error (use the tar command to transfer directories).

Transfer of a remote file

Conversely, it is possible to transfer a file from a remote host.

On the centos host, create the rem file in the /tmp directory:

# cd /tmp
# echo "This is another test." > rem

Locally, to transfer the file, type:

# scp root@centos:/tmp/rem rem
root@centos's password: your password
rem                                           100%   22     0.0KB/s   00:00    

Additional Resources

In addition, you can watch this video by Sander van Vugt (5min) or read an article explaining the various scp options.

Source: RHEL 7 System Administrator’s Guide.

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1 year 3 months ago

the following copies recursively all files and directories which are under /a/devel/ to the remote host:
scp -r /a/devel/*


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